The Roman Map of Britain Coccuveda or Coccuvada? Chew Green, or Chester Hill? Northumberland
Coccimeda (B) vars. Cocuneda (P), Cocenneda (V) (R&C 186) next
On Dere Street, between two fords (L. vada) of the uppermost Coquet is Chew Green. The entry follows Bremenium High Rochester (R&C 185) and both are on Margary 8f [Dere Street, high rochester-newstead].
river: Cocuedi fluminis (Bede Vita S. Cuthberti, 24),
Cocwuda, Cocwud ca. 1050, Coqued
coquetdale: Cokedale 1150-62, 1279, Choketdale ca.1160, Kokedale ca.1160
Ekwall thought Coquet a back-formation from OE Cocwudu 'cock wood', Rothbury Forest, and possibly Coc- was the name of the river. R&C note that ERN did not cite Bede's form Cocuedi fluminis. R&C: 'coccuveda is the formal equivalent of cocwaede.' Do R&C suggest a compound of OE (ge)węd 'ford'? Williams derived Coccuveda as "Cocco-, akin to W. coch, 'red'. -veda, W. -wedd, as in llech-wedd, 'slope', or W. cochwedd, 'a red appearance'."
Is Bede's Cocued- an error for Cocuved-, evidence of rationalization to węd, or a natural development?
An original *uved- could be related to L.*uveo (uvens, uvidus 'moist, wet') and AS węt 'wet'. If so,*uved- is simply 'river', and the fort at Chew Green was '(the place at) the Cocc- river'. In the Cosmography's river section is Coguueusuron (R&C 264) which R&C took at face value. PNRB considered it a conflation of Coccuveda and Usuron, which they thought was Isurium (Aldborough). I suggest that Coguueusuron is Cogu and Vensuron, the Coquet and the Wansbeck. Coccu-/Cogu- looks like W. cog 'cuckoo', perhaps the same as Coccio (AI 4821 Iter x). See also Cock Beck ERN 83.
Chew Green (NT7808)
FORT, TWO ROMAN FORTLETS, TWO ROMAN CAMPS, A SECTION OF ROMAN ROAD AND A
MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT AND CHAPEL AT CHEW GREEN
NATIONAL MONUMENT NO: 28538
Another site on the Coquet might be Chester Hill NT 989 052. Should this determined to be a fort, it would be satisfactorily placed on Margary 88 between Bremenium (R&C 185) and Alauna (R&C 187).
Chester Hill; possible site of enclosure;
NETHERTON; ALNWICK; Northumberland NT 989 052 UNCERTAIN EVIDENCE, SQUARE
ENCLOSURE, ROMAN NSMR03-1118
Earthwork (poss Ro)(prob site) NT 9895 0522 SQUARE ENCLOSURE, ROMAN NMR_NATINV-1470