The Roman Map of Britain Coccuveda or Coccuvada? Chew Green,  or Chester Hill? Northumberland

Coccimeda (B) vars. Cocuneda (P), Cocenneda (V) (R&C 186) next


On Dere Street, between two fords (L. vada) of the uppermost Coquet is Chew Green. The entry follows Bremenium High Rochester (R&C 185) and both are on Margary 8f [Dere Street, high rochester-newstead]. 

coquet river: Cocuedi fluminis (Bede Vita S. Cuthberti, 24), Cocwuda, Cocwud ca. 1050, Coqued 1104-8
coquetdale: Cokedale 1150-62, 1279, Choketdale ca.1160, Kokedale ca.1160

Ekwall thought Coquet a back-formation from OE Cocwudu 'cock wood', Rothbury Forest, and possibly Coc- was the name of the river. R&C note that ERN did not cite Bede's form Cocuedi fluminis. R&C: 'coccuveda is the formal equivalent of cocwaede.'  Do R&C suggest a compound of OE (ge)węd 'ford'? Williams derived Coccuveda  as "Cocco-, akin to W. coch, 'red'. -veda, W. -wedd, as in llech-wedd, 'slope', or W. cochwedd, 'a red appearance'."

Is Bede's Cocued- an error for Cocuved-, evidence of rationalization to węd, or a natural development? 

An original *uved- could be related to L.*uveo (uvens, uvidus 'moist, wet') and AS węt 'wet'. If so,*uved- is simply 'river', and the fort at Chew Green was '(the place at) the Cocc- river'. In the Cosmography's river section is Coguueusuron (R&C 264) which R&C took at face value. PNRB considered it a conflation of Coccuveda and Usuron, which they thought was Isurium (Aldborough). I suggest that Coguueusuron is Cogu  and Vensuron, the Coquet and the Wansbeck. Coccu-/Cogu- looks like W. cog 'cuckoo', perhaps the same as Coccio (AI 4821 Iter x). See also Cock Beck ERN 83

Chew Green (NT7808)

ROMAN FORT, TWO ROMAN FORTLETS, TWO ROMAN CAMPS, A SECTION OF ROMAN ROAD AND A MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT AND CHAPEL AT CHEW GREEN
NATIONAL MONUMENT NO: 28538


Another site on the Coquet might be Chester Hill NT 989 052. Should this determined to be a fort, it would be satisfactorily placed on Margary 88 between Bremenium (R&C 185) and Alauna (R&C 187).

Chester Hill; possible site of enclosure; NETHERTON; ALNWICK; Northumberland NT 989 052 UNCERTAIN EVIDENCE, SQUARE ENCLOSURE, ROMAN NSMR03-1118
Earthwork (poss Ro)(prob site) NT 9895 0522 SQUARE ENCLOSURE, ROMAN NMR_NATINV-1470